Phishing is a way to illegally acquire information such as usernames, passwords, and credit card details by masquerading as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication (web site, email, etc). Those fake websites are hosted on compromised sites without the owner's permission and are sent to the victims using mailing scripts, hosted or not in the same server where the phishing page is.
Phishing pages are often complex and rely on several files to run.
They will be hosted on a specific directory ressembling the phishing target.
In order to keep the phishing files undetected, some malware authors are blocking bots, to prevent indexing and automated detection.